Wednesday, October 31, 2007

More side control- establishing position

free training class.

minor tips-

-posture in guard
-breaking the grip for straight arm bar- kimura grip and rip away from fingers


-side control- main thing- critical window once you pass guard where you must lock up control. gotta establish before they escape, reverse, or replace guard.

-side control- most common reaction- belly down. must find ways to prevent the belly-down from each guard pass. main elements- control crossface and underhook. keep shoulders on the mat.

-side control- n/s with hip to face smash.

-side control- getting past the arms- "arm drag" them and flow over arms and then readjust. can't stay there forever.

-half guard bottom- at all costs, get on side and block crossface arm. other arm can be limp so they forget about it- take out to underhook when the time is right. can also go 2 on 1 to block crossface arm.

-side control escapes- don't let them "establish" side control. keep moving and escaping away from it, never just settle into it. much harder to escape once they shut you down.

-side control- must establish control as quickly as possible. watch the weight and make sure to control the arms to prevent them from turning.

-x-pass to 101- if they cross legs to block the x-pass- just go to 101 pass and slide the knee across

-must work on pass sequence. need to get good at single leg on shoulder next.

-negative x-pass- must bring head to their body to block them from coming on top. strange motion where you shift your hip over the free leg and drop while rotating your head and torso across their body.

Leo Vieira- guard passes (from seminar dvd)

-passing this style requires two things- opponent's back on the mat and distance between you and him.
-control at inside shin grip- makes it harder to hook your arm for spider guard

toriani variant-
pressure with body weight on shins- fold opponent up and walk around legs (as opposed to straightening legs and going explosively.

torani variant 2-
shoulder and leg control, push shoulder on mat, pick up leg as you walk around

101 pass-
use grip on shoulder area- stiffarm to put back on mat as you pick up other elbow to flatten opponent. patience with this pass- if you do quickly, you can be swept during window where you are off-balance. you can sit and stabilize and then pass once it's clear.

double underpass-
grip with one arm across to opposite lapel (low, at hip) and other hand on back of pants to keep them up. tight elbows. stack them up, lifting hips off the ground, make them knee themselves in the face.

-defense vs. hand in hip-use knee to take arm out- either over or under the arm.

side control- use knee in hip, elbow to hold sleeve (controlling both sides of hips)

be aware of escape options.

defense to them pushing you up- elbow in, knee on stomach, block the guard replace. they try to shrimp out, slide back to side control.

defense to them rolling away from you- let them roll a bit, lock up ezekiel, knee to head, roll them on to you and finish the choke. (also looks like an arm triangle is there)

No Gi.

hold shoulder, not back- harder to pummel inside. also opens up attacks if you bring the arm high.

move- they pummel, you step back, put thumb inside and drive elbow down while twisting body. lock up harness over arm and change levels.

arm drag-

can't shoot if the hands block you. you can hold the hand. leo holds it pistol style, with your thumb facing you. twist arm to expose elbow and arm drag! step inside and take the leg or step around and take the back.

they control wrist, you fake escape inside with arm and then open up high, bringing elbow to sky. step outside leg and shoot the high-c. can take the leg or pivot off knee and the back.

shooting principles-

grab leg and around back- harder to sprawl on you.

double leg option- hook leg and drive with opposite shoulder. you don't have to pick them up if you do this.

from back, no hooks-

trip with inside leg- big circle. can also hold leg and hip. keep chest on one side. lock up harness, get hooks.

need to have their leg between yours- get them to load more on that leg.

no gi pass-

from outside of leg- shoot arm in and lock gable grip. shin across your chest- pass like normal.

they shoot free leg across- shoot your arm across (that isn't holding leg) and over their head, pass.

sit up open guard-
hold ankles, put back on floor
they come back- drive knee through and down- but not foot (their legs are scissored). chest down. control armpits and then control underhook/crossface to pass.

defense to back harness (around hips)-
get space and hook outside hip, spin to guard.

guillotine-front head and arm control from turtle-
shoulder behind neck and hold chin to control. tighten elbows, weight down on shoulder and back of head.

Tuesday, October 30, 2007

Some CRITICAL side control tips

PM class


-random takedowns
-bent armlock with one arm from side control/north south flow
-americana from hip switch move

-bent armlock variation can be done if they are defending tightly and you can't get a kimura, americana
-hip switch to clear arm and pin wrist in transition. other arm must already be hugging elbow and in position to finish the armlock.


-the guard passing is going very well. lots of options opening up for me.

need to work on-
-chokes from back- try and finish the choke once it's sunk. had a sunken choke today but somehow didn't finish it cuz i was a bit off-balance
-side control- sometimes bringing head too high
-need to get good at quick darce from turtle
-need to get good at ten finger guillotine
-half guard- need to find options once i get solid lockdown. gotta transition from flat on back with lockdown (while crossfaced and underhooked) to on side and ready to sweep or at least replace guard.

-half guard bottom- lock out arm on hip on crossface side to create space
-need to dive for the brabo choke from turtle to get it deeper.
-101 pass is still the lead-in
-rnc option- darce from back
-strange "octopus half guard"- same move from yesterday- possible to sweep over by grabbing across lat (with lockdown is better)

the money tips-
-side control- try to get the crossface immediately once you pass.
-side control- hip to hip- is much better if you get off the ground with your hip- transfer weight to them.
-hip to hip- use to attack armlocks, don't stay there forever.
-reverse kesa gatame- only works if you get both arms isolated HIGH. don't try this if you're still low on the side mount.

Monday, October 29, 2007

The Great Escape

PM class


-self defense throw
-scissor sweep
-collar choke from guard

-scissor sweep- knee diagonally across, but when you're ready to sweep, it goes across the belt line. tension with the leg, like spider guard. pull them onto your leg and sweep 'em.
-collar choke- climb guard up and hips up to help finish.

-guard drill- try to just play top as much as possible.
-tripod sweep is golden.



-same side arm bar
-jacare lapel choke
-arm lock from n/s

-same side arm bar- turn them on side using leg and also shoulder
-lapel choke- tripod up prevents them from blocking you with the arm
-arm lock from n/s- scoop both arms like double underpass to get it tight.

-half guard bottom- paragon guard is a good last ditch effort
-101 pass is money. that's the first step in the pass sequence.
-101 pass counter- hip escape out and replace open guard
-x-pass is very good. nice addition to the arsenal.
-gotta work the negative x-pass
-bent armlock setup- using shoulders/head/pulling on elbows, etc. to get in position!
-de la riva breaker is great
-back control to straight arm lock is a good setup
-side control- reverse kesa gatame- requires you to get their arms up high using elbow and hips to back them up. otherwise they can lock out arms potentially escape.
-passing philosophy- against certain people, you know you may have to try a few passes. don't fully commit to first pass or so, just use it as a jab to fake them out and go the other direction.

-side control escape- get on side and isolate crossface arm (2 on 1), lock out arms if needed. dive under that arm at the right moment and grab lat across back. replace guard and sweep over to mount like hip bump. if their weight is committed over your head, you can also just push them in the armpit and bridge over.

Need to work on base and balance from top game

AM class


-free takedown drill
-loop choke/roll variation
-side control jacare lapel choke
-side control same side arm lock


-lapel choke- elevate elbow at end to finish better
-lapel choke- main obstacle- arm blocking your hip- you can pick it up or just smash it down


-the log splitter guard pass if becoming my favorite against larger opponents
-once i almost pass the guard, i am susceptible to being double legged from turtle by stronger opponents
-side control- right away in the transition- must flatten them by controlling underhook, crossface, nearside arm, legs, etc
-must find way to stand in guard if i can't control arms. is it even possible to do it safely?

-movement is good from top, but balance and base need to be worked out
-defense to arm drag butterfly sweep- post out leg HIGH on side they are trying to sweep towards, push head away to create space and re-pummel for underhook
-jacare style passes are good! i'm starting to mess around with them.
-the saulo x-passes are good, but need to be practiced a lot.
-it's hard to pass a black belt's guard. lol.
-a really good double underhook pass is hard to defend. need to defend before they get it sunk in.
-need to keep nearside elbow to the ground at all costs when in side control. otherwise a whole lot of escapes go out the window.
-kesa gatame escape- push head towards legs and try and hook head
-other kesa gatame escape- depends on if they have underhook or not, but you can hook the leg and duck under to take the back
-double leg from turtle- tripod up and keep head low. more leverage and easier to do.
-darce to brabo choke is good.

Sunday, October 28, 2007

Sunday workout

5 mins bike


deadlifts- 3 sets of 10x 95lbs
squats- 3 sets of 10x 95lbs
lunges- 3 sets of 20x 70 lbs

military press- 3 sets of 10x 45lbs
miltary press- 3 sets of 5x 70 lbs
military press- 1 set of 10x 40lbs
miltary press- 2 sets of 10x 50lbs

dips- 3 sets of 20

pullups- 6 sets of 5

shoulder rotations- 3 sets of 10 rotations (5 rotations each direction)x 25 lbs


workout rotation-

Sunday- gym workout
Monday- BJJ
Tuesday- gym workout
Wednesday- BJJ morning possibly, otherwise rest
Thursday- gym workout
Friday- BJJ
Saturday- BJJ, gym workout

My BJJ technique is good, just need to supplement it with some increased fitness and strength. The schedule allows for more gym workouts than BJJ classes at this point, so it makes sense to do it like this.

Jacare guard pass

Jacare guard pass

He does this one quite a bit. There's a lot of elements to this pass that are similar to Saulo's "negative x-pass."

The grips are different, though. The opponent has a cross sleeve grip, and Jacare re-grips the collar on that side. With his free hand, he controls the knee on the side he is going to pass to (side with opponent's arm occupied with your sleeve grip).

On second viewing, I realize that the grip is almost the same as Saulo's x-pass grip. Hand #1 grips the lapel on the opposite side collar (rather than the same side collar), and hand #2 grips the opponent's knee on the same side (rather than near the foot). After I learn the x-pass decently, I'd like to master this one as well.


From the first section of the video- Jacare passing-
If the opponent has normal open guard with their leg outside yours, you post up on your leg, shift your hips and push the knee down, jump over the knee, shift your hips once you pass, and prevent opponent from turning by pressuring with the collar grip/your body.

From the second section of the video- Jacare on bottom-
If the opponent has de la riva guard with outside and inside hook control, you post the leg (pointing your toe out) and drop your knee underneath their knee line and then follow through with the other foot.

Saturday, October 27, 2007

Saulo Ribiero- Jiu Jitsu Revolution- The X-Pass

developed to update his jiu jitsu game.

the game is changing so fast.

how to break the guard

opening from the knees- circling with leg outside
common problem- bending upper body/torso down to open guard
keep upright, good posture

what opens the guard- the angle that is created by the hip circling outward

as soon as they start to break your base- you move, create gap to open up guard

tip- if opponent locks one side, try other side- be flexibile

blocking one side with knee/elbow

x-pass is not a difficult pass- very quick move, need to pay attention to timing

posture- from elbow/knee with knee pressure
grab lapel

stay diagonal

other hand grips on outside pants near ankle

you wait for reaction- when they push back on your leg- you kick back with leg

shuck other leg like toriani
come to knee on stomach (more like shin on stomach-without knee down fully), but keep grip

transition point- depends what they do
you can go to ground, go to mount, attack arms, etc. many options.

if he tries to do a de la riva hook, he helps you actually

x-pass details
unique- diagonal grip

variation from cross-knee pass
they switch hips and block 101 pass- you can go into it.

keys to success- you block leg and upper body- lock them down so they can't escape out

pass knee slide
if leg is outside of your hip, you can't go

detail- x-pass- you don't have to back up! foot stays planted- only leg kicks back

they push back on shin- you switch to other leg and pin it down
explosively slide over it, not like 101 pass
almost kicking his leg
fast and smooth motion
not digging for pass like 101

you can pull a bit on leg to fake them out to react properly

negative x-pass
hips flat from open guard- easy to x-pass
if they shift hips to side, they kill your angle and space

keep same grip- kick opposite leg back, sit on hip to side, over leg
shift leg and collar with grip (lock out arm on leg)
head/shoulder drives on body
turn back and put weight down
lock up side control

key- lock out other arm- keep leg as far away as possible
takes away power and leverage

if both legs aren't free, you can't scoop your hips
hand on collar blocks you from turtling

butterfly to x-pass
first thing- don't let them close distance and get underhooks
kills your arms!

stop them with hand in collar
grip outside leg
use head also to block them from coming at you

if they hold your belt with the correct side, you can x-pass (same side where you have leg controlled)
otherwise, must go negative x-pass

difference- knee drives under knee, not on belly (adapted for ground)

key- don't let them close the gap
keep hips far away for this pass

butterfly x-pass 2
same setup as before, but they grip other side

you can switch hands if you want
but some people don't have ambidextrous passes

collar grip- elbow- grip INSIDE- you still have power
shift head- head stays low

body turns away to take sweep angle away
note- this is very similar to jacare's butterfly pass

butterfly x-pass 3
saulo's favorite variation

from knee/elbow posture
you move back, they sit

RIGHT AWAY- grab the collar and leg

mini step back, cross hands, very quickly pass

you can also just step right over the leg

the grip makes this pass effective

if they sit and take away your angle, go negative x-pass

the grips are the key! the rest of the stuff can be improvised if needed

need to be sensitive for where/when they shift their body

need to drill this

de la riva x-pass

solution to common guard

big problem with de la riva hook- they try to force the wrong leg

common solution- turn knee outside
if guy has long leg or strong hook, it's hard to get away

first thing- keep the base

secret- how you approach other leg, not the hook leg

put elbow inside thigh
shrug foot off hip
step inside, make them spread leg
automatically takes away hook!

legs and hips even on floor

de la riva hook requires them to be on their side

approaching diagonally- takes away de la riva options

their posture- spread, but leg outside yours
gotta do the negative x-pass

de la riva with outside/inside hooks-
control knee, shift your knee/shin over the inside hook, pinning it (all your hips shift here, you need to change your base- simultaneously pointing outside hooked leg outside)
kick leg and do normal x-pass

other side is open! always another option

important- negative x-pass- fall to SIDE
not diagonally!

heel control to x-pass
de la riva hook with trapped ankle!

this changes the whole scenario

biggest thing that's trapping you- hand and the ankle

everything you do can expose yourself to more sweeps and attacks

point your knee outside, shift your knee to the side-hooked leg (not towards them)- like a lunge

key-you want to go below his knee line, not over his knee line

drop your knee- smashes his shin against his hand, the grip is broken!
first thing that touches the ground- your knee, not your hip

follow through with the pass- kick over and shift base back

you bring their leg back with you- gives you more base

if they have a high hook- use elbow to wedge and push knee down
do the same pass

tripod sweep killer- knee drives the leg

key- your head comes to his body!

the key to this is the ankle. you must clear the ankle, otherwise nothing will work out.


this changes the whole game!

gotta work this into the pass flow.

Fundamnetal Technique flow

AM class

technique flow-
-side control to mount
-mount to americana
-americana to upa escape
-standing guard break
-guard pass
-side control

-side control- clear arm before advancing
-americana escape- push in armpit and upa
-guard break- pin same side arm, step, look UP, hips forward
-open guard- prevent the de la riva hook by turning your toe outward
-elbow/knee together when in passing posture
-don't open and push leg to ground- only as much as you need to open- you'll get too low if you push down

-x-pass- study and learn- seems like a logical flow off the 101 pass
-open guard vs. stronger opponents- really hard to not get overpowered. probably just a strength issue
-possible setup to arm triangle in guard- trap arm like spinning armlock and push it over while rocking them forward in guard
-lots of the guard passes i do require strength and pressure. real hard to do today when my body is feeling BEAT UP from the workouts lol.
-me in open guard with them on knees- spider guard options aplenty
-standup game with gi- lots of grip fighting. my main game- take the back from here.
-jacare hip switch- key movement in his passing game
-triangle defense- stack them up and put pressure.
-other triangle defense- posture up and turn, knee on ribs.

main objectives for the next month-November
-need to get STRONGER. workouts with squats, deadlifts, pullups, etc.
-solid nutrition with increased food intake.
-continue to work on guard passing, half guard passing, and side control
-continue to defend and resist submissions
-begin study of clinch work and standup- study tapes, etc
-begin study of sweeps and escapes next month?

Friday, October 26, 2007

Progress Report-Top Game

Top Game

Closed guard-6.5/10
pretty good. good defense, good arsenal of guard openers, decent sweep defense.

need to work on- sweep defense.

Open guard-6/10

need to work on- sweep defense, submission defense, pressure

Passing the guard-6.5/10
getting a lot better. top area of focus lately.

need to work on- everything- pressure, balance, submission defense, etc.

Half guard top-7/10
actually pretty good. able to submit people from here and pass a lot of the time.

need to work on- not getting swept, smashing opponent more, pressure, base.

Side control-5/10
okay. improved from before, but needs a ton of work.

need to work on- controlling opponent, maintaining position, not getting reversed, submissions, pressure, base.

okay. get reversed too often. finishing percentage could be higher.

need to work on- not getting upa'ed, finishing.

strong. many attack options, good transition point to back.

need to work on- not getting taken down from here, single leg transition.

strong. good control, good at re-taking, good at finishing.

need to work on- finishing percentage.

Progress Report- Bottom Game

Bottom Game

Closed guard- 8.5/10

probably my strongest area.

need to work on- sweeps!

Open guard- 7.5/10

becoming one of my stronger areas.

need to work on- sweeps!

Half guard- 6.5/10
decent. could use some attention.

need to work on- sweeps! also recovering full guard from here.

Side Control Escapes-2/10
needs plenty of work. top area of focus.

need to work on- escapes, bridging.

Mount Escapes-5/10
decent. able to recover half guard okay.

need to work on- upa escape

Turtle Guard-5/10

need to work on- trap and roll, defending the back!

No Gi- things to work on

no gi

small class because of the fires. just rolled all class.


-i'm getting better at surviving, defending the pass, and defending submissions vs. higher level opponents. feeling good about that.

-need to practice double underhook pass defense
-n/s guillotine defense- turn into them, wedge arm to alleviate- "combing the hair" position
-lockdown from half guard is a good way to stop them from passing while buying you some time
-need to figure out the transition from lockdown flat on back to sitting on side, ready to sweep
-need to practice upside down guard
-need to work on more stand up- switching levels and shooting, pummeling inside to body lock, takedown defense, arm drags, etc.
-need to turtle more when they get ready to pass guard
-need to practice escaping back more
-must tend to choke before hooks
-need to sweep more from guard
-need to off-balance them and attempt sweeps from half guard

-it's a lot harder to tap someone with no gi.
-half guard is better for no gi because it takes away a lot of top game submissions- collar chokes, ezekiel, etc.
-possible half guard top submissions- guillotine, bent arm locks, straight arm locks, arm triangles. must be aware of these.
-brabo defense- don't keep that arm in too deep. when you feel the arm coming around, remove the underhook.
-need to review open guard more. sweeps are necessary.

-mount escape- upa
-mount escape- elbow/knee
-mount escape- foot drag- get on side completely, use frame to alleviate weight, post foot drag foot close to other leg to get ready to come over. if you trap the foot, they don't get mount points in a tournament.
-mount escape- foot drag variant- tyrone glover from paragon dvd
-mount escape- to butterfly- once you bridge hips up, weight transfers to hands and hips get light. must be done quickly/explosively.

-certain escapes work better vs. different types of opponents. i.e. weight discrepancies, etc.

-taking advantage of the transition- beginning escapes before they settle. once they establish solid control, your job is 10x harder. gotta read, react, and explode.

-next area of study- takedowns, clinch.
-after that- sweeps, escapes, reversals.

Back to the gym

The fires have kept me off the mat. The air quality is too bad to roll.

I decided to hit the gym as an alternative.


100 pushups
100 situps

3 sets of 3x deadlifts- 135lbs
1 set of 10x deadlifts- 95 lbs

3 sets of 10x squats- 95 lbs

3 sets of 20x lunges- curl bar with 50lbs (dunno how much that is)

about 100 dips

30 pullups
10 L sit pullups

2 sets of 10x military press- 40 lbs
1 set of 10x military press- 50 lbs

cool down-
12 mins rows- 4000 meters

Clinch notes

very short and condensed, but a few important points-

-"read, react, explode"
-"touch and go"
-making them load on one foot and then capitalizing
-"where the head goes, the body goes"
-lines of defense before the sprawl-forearms w/level change, hip bump, then sprawl and follow them in case they turn the corner
-turning the corner!

Thursday, October 25, 2007

Jacare standup

preliminary thoughts-

-his main grip- sleeve and back of collar grip. he uses it to snap them down, set up ankle picks, or do flying triangles. main attitude- aggressive and dominant.

-he'll break grips quickly and then re-grip for dominant position.

-if he gets shot on, he likes to sprawl hard and try and take the back

more to come

Saulo Ribiero- Freestyle Revolution- Escapes

double underhook escape
first reaction- don't try to pummel, they will take you down

step both feet back, lock overhooks

don't let them go hip to hip!

block hips with hand, hold head over ear, push to side, step back circle outside (like guard break)

all at the same time

double underhooks from behind

don't want to stay there forever- kimura is coming!
step inside on same side they're kimura'ing
hips down, drive low (elbow DOWN), take the leg, take them down
don't stay on back!
go against his angle

single leg on ground
crossface- against a good wrestler, they will keep going around and still take you down

put hips on shoulder
hand holds own leg (you have sem-overhook)
turn knee
turn to face them- get parallel
break grip, hand shoots to control

guillotine escape

first thing- hold the wrist

arm in guillotine- if they bring your elbow high, you get choked
bring arm low and base (can also block them from taking back)

walk towards the guillotine, drive head through, head up, control arm, sit diagonally, throw them over, turn and come to side control

another guillotine escape
you move and they follow
extend leg on side where they aren't guillotining (arm in side)
wrestler sit out (make sure you wrap the arm strong)

guillotine from guard

first reaction- protect your neck

drive forward, reach arm around to his back (shoulder heavy)
must angle your legs, turn your body
start to come around to the side
slide over and pass guard

once you go to side control- switch arm to other side of headd, go to n/s

arm in guillotine from guard
arm in side- swing arm back and drive shoulder to middle of chest- solar plexus
angle legs, start to come around and open guard
note- trapped arm blocks hip to prevent them from following you

best way to avoid guillotine- don't let them get it!
don't put your head to the side
stay in center

you need to make a mistake for them to get it

mount escape
submission wrestling- about your first reactions
the game is quick, you need to initiate the right sequence of moves

elbows tight to you- don't let them raise knees
don't grab double underhooks- all weight comes on to you
don't push- you'll get armlocked

don't stay flat- hip escape and TURN your body before they mount, elbow to ground
make frame, regain half guard, regain guard
tip- head stays on ground- don't let them wrap it up

back position- with hooks but without harness
elbows have to be inside!

scoop down and pull your elbows in (defend the neck!)
creates angle, space for escape

don't put weight on them like you do with gi

turn to guard

back escape with hooks and double underhook harness
scoop hips, fall to side
elbow to knee, clear the leg, turn to side control

certain angle- you have to go lower on the leg- below the knee line
otherwise they still have control

cross body
don't push, you give them too much

elbows in, hands protecting neck

starts with the BRIDGE

arm blocks the crossface

if they lift up the arm, don't follow- you allow them to establish cross-side

bump to create space, hip escape and replace guard or go turtle if they're blocking hip

Marcelo Garcia- escape notes

from the series 3 dvd-

side mount
keys to maintaining solid side mount-
-no space between you and opponent
-strong underhook and crossface
-knees close to opponent's body

keys to escaping-
-wedge arm between opponent's throat and you (if you can't get this, bridge and chop arm into opponent's head)
-pummel other arm inside and join with wedged arm to alleviate pressure and help to get underhooks
-underhooks (weave hand first)
-disrupting opponent's base

-if you get double underhooks, what do you do about the strong crossface?

kesa gatame
keys to kesa gatame-
-arm control
-head control
-legs away from opponent's legs
-strong base

keys to escaping-
-elbow on ground
-hooking legs in one motion
-strong bridge
-disrupting opponent's base

half guard bottom
keys to half guard top-
-strong crossface and underhook
-opponent flat on back (four points touching the mat

keys to escaping-
-re-pummel for underhooks
-get on side to create more space- shrimping away
-disrupt opponent's base

keys to strong mount-
-free arms to base with
-thighs inside their elbows
-strong base

keys to escaping-
-strong bridge
-elbows inside their thighs- not too high, not too low
-trapping one side and taking them there

very important things-
-bridging well from the bottom
-getting underhooks on the bottom
-timing the escapes
-understanding opponent's weight distribution
-maximizing leverage
-disrupting opponent's base
-protecting self from submissions

Tuesday, October 23, 2007

Leo Vieira- no gi notes

I am going to watch as much Leo Vieira as possible in order to get a good understanding of his game.

Started with ADCC 2005.

-his main tendency- neck tie to armdrag/single leg. he'll hand fight with them and keep re-establishing the neck tie once they break away. he'll look for the right time to shoot the arm drag, and move to either try to take the back or single leg, depending what they do. he'll either look to take the back or begin to pass guard, depending how they react.

-defense- he has ridiculous balance and takedown defense. he likes to free the single leg by pushing them away with his hands and then kicking away from them to free the leg.

back control
-he rolls around and switches between choking arms, depending on their defense. he uses hooks and body triangles to stay on the back. from double underhook grip, he'll begin shooting an arm over for the rnc. the rnc begins with the palm to palm grip.

-once he gets around to double underhook control (body lock), he'll jump up in the back of their knees to break them down. if they roll backwards, he keeps rolling with them.

-to break them down, he'll switch the lower arm on harness to go around their leg and re-grip the top arm, in effect breaking them down with a cradle hold.

guard passing
-from what i recall, double underhooks is his game. need to watch more footage.

-he uses the guillotine to pass from standing sometimes. gotta rewatch to figure out.

side control
-need to watch more footage

-he does set up the n/s guillotine nicely.

Monday, October 22, 2007

Back control/escapes

PM class

early class

-back escape
-back escape when they have a choke on the lapel

-half back is good for maintaining the back control
-half back with no harness is much easier to escape than with harness
-you flat on back with them on top= their best escape option. must get to side or belly down. to side is the best spot to finish them.
-possible combo- half back (with locked arm) to triangle choke from guard, although a RNC would seem way easier
-possible twister from here

-the elbow to the floor is the difference between escaping and not escaping
-tend to the choke FIRST before worrying about escaping the hooks

-re-choking with the opposite arm is key once they defend well
-locking down an arm with a leg makes the job way easier
-distract them with the legs/hooks/arms to set up openings for the choke
-elbow rip if they defend the neck by crossing the arms over the chest with hands blocking throat
-switch between collar chokes and RNC- threaten both sides to overwhelm
-bow and arrow is the best collar choke by far.

-need to practice the marcelo harness bridge and re-take back
-the back harness is so essential. not as essential as hooks, but it's mad important.
-with gi, harness is harder to get once they're defending tightly
-when taking the back- harness before hooks. at least one hook, though, for the half back.
-if they turn to escape on open side, must keep your head on the outside of their head
-if you can't get over the shoulder harness, double underhook harness with gi grips is okay momentarily
-body triangle is good to stop the escape
-they escape with two hooks= mount is possible, they escape with one hook=half guard
-keep re-taking the back and spinning to sink hooks if you lose them

-relentlessness, strong control, and combo attacks are the key to dominating the back

Sunday, October 21, 2007

Takedowns! Double underhook control.

Takedowns class

3 rounds of 10 bearcrawls up and down the mat (with a resistance band!)



-necktie- strong with the hand around the neck, heavy on the elbow/forearm to the sternum/centerline. use necktie to off-balance opponent. ideally with double necktie (muay thai clinch style), but it's not easy to get.

-necktie to double underhooks, double underhook takedown- driving them at an angle once you get in position. take out leg with outside leg trip.

-double underhooks- strong under their rib, cut into their torso.

-double underhook control- many options from here.

-removing necktie- shoulder shrug w/hip contact- not full "look-away peel off" as it exposes you to be shot on.

-i'm driving with my head too much/putting my head down. need to keep it up, or i'll be in bad spots.


-taking the back from standing is my best bet against bigger opponents.

-the double underhook pass is actually pretty good for no gi. might be better than leg on shoulder, since you have more control of the hips. not completely sure though.

-persistence with the pass

-triangle and rnc are still the best submissions.

-sweeping them over once i have a locked triangle is easy, might as well do it and get some points.

-must practice escaping triangles.

-still need to work on my base from top of half guard, side control.

-i need to gain 10 lbs of muscle.

Saturday, October 20, 2007

Trouble shooting- top game issues

AM class


-half guard brabo counter sweep
-side control far lapel choke- jacare choke
-side control triangle/armbar combo

-the half guard brabo counter sweep can still result in a brabo choke. they must remove the crossface arm to grab the knee, and if you have your arm shot through far enough you can lock the choke up. you can even lock the choke up in mid roll.

-lapel choke-
-grab on pants with lapel and gi pants in your hand- it fakes out the bottom guy
-time the lapel pass to the other hand- can be done when they try and bridge or escape.
-underside of lapel is better than the collar side for choking- chokes better

triangle- armbar combo-
-side mount bottom principle- close elbow on ground= many escape options
-set up the arm bar by grabbing the arm where you already want it for the armlock. no adjustment required

-i need to roll with more people with good half guards
-i need to roll with more people with good guards, period
-i need to roll with more people with relentless attacking games
-on that note, i need to roll with more people that are as quick as me and have a big arsenal of attacks. i usually never find myself overwhelmed.
-missed x-guard can potentially end up with my guard passed
-controlling the legs by weaving through is important to prevent them from coming to the knees
-slow and tight most of the time, fast and explosive when the window arrives

-the pendulum sweep is better if i combo it with arm locks
-sweeps are better when i execute them at the right time
-the triangle where i spin off the back is good!
-desperation guillotine escape- bridge to other side, turn into them

-must work on front turtle attacks more. mainly, darce and brabo.

Friday, October 19, 2007

Kimura Details- half guard top

PM class- No Gi

-half guard pass- 101
-half guard straight arm bar
-half guard pass- capoeira pass
-half guard top- kimura


-101- plant head, tripod up high, slide knee through, use free foot to push on triangle and get foot loose

-101- heavy pressure with the crossface/underhook- try and "suck them up" and draw them into you like from side control

-half guard straight arm bar defense- possible to go into paragon half guard if you recognize it and time it correctly

-half guard capoeria pass counter- block leg with top leg and prevent it from coming back. when they are here, they are vulnerable to being swept.

-half guard capoeria pass counter counter- sit on thigh before you kick over

-half guard capoera pass counter counter- as they open up half guard to block your leg from coming over, slide other leg through across the middle (like 101)

-half guard top kimura- they underhook, you flatten then and then turn to face legs. get on top of elbow/wrist part of underhook to kill it's effectiveness. lock up kimura. more leverage if you scoot your hip back and sit on their chest/sternum. possible straight arm lock depending how they react. to finish the kimura, you must switch your base and bend arm and pull it underneath them, bringing their shoulder off the mat.


-the bf guard approach works incredibly well

-neck tie is where it's at! work from neck tie w/ wrist control to set up so many things. snap 'em down, attack front turtle, arm drag, take the back, set up sweeps, etc.

-hand fighting- must work on it. this is critical from the neck tie setup.

-passing- must flow between passes and go against their momentum.

-need to work on that marcelo half guard pass.

-if i get the back with an arm trapped underneath, i can spin to triangle. wear them down first with heavy hip pressure and plenty of face smashing. threaten the arm lock on that arm. gotta think outside the box.

-must master the ten finger guillotine.

-must master the darce choke. been in position a bunch of times but lost it cuz i was adjusting that jeff glover grip and didnt have it exact.

-need to work on x-guard setups again. must revisit soon.

-the game changes a lot in no gi. need to find a balance where i don't switch my style so much.

-passing to half guard is really where it's at. i can only pass someone's guard fully if i'm a lot better than them, and in that case, i don't need to worry about it.

-on that note, tight, smashing passes are critical!

-the guillotine counter where i try and bf sweep them over my head can potentially end up with me hanging myself! possibly have to rethink it.

-i'm improving very quickly. small milestones today, like dominating people incrementally more each week, getting someone's back and almost tapping them, and a lot more fluid movement.

Mario Sperry- Strategies from the Top

submission grappling- both submissions and points

from closed guard
crazy boston crab guard pass

land in footlock

guard opener
log cutter guard pass

stand, scoot hips back
drive knee through middle of guard

use hands in hips to help create more pressure

land in heelhook- sit and triangle legs

wtf this guy is crazy!

from previous move
from 101 pass- they prevent you from stepping the leg through the middle- keep foot on hip
you 101 pass in a circle- spin around and kneebar them

passing bf guard

you go one way, they block, you jump over
they roll to turtle, you control them and arm triangle them
wtf- chin in the eye!
use head to prevent them from ripping arm out

arm triangle variation- 90 degrees, hips and body on mat

passing bf guard
control point- grab his foot underneath the hooks

they turn into you, try to turtle
lock up harness, go knee on stomach, turn them to mount

letting them regain half guard
if you think you can pass again, let them get half guard again and re-pass

101- he is sitting on his hip/side
tripod up, once your knee is past his half guard, point knee out and slide over

strategy- make them suffer on the bottom of half guard

strategy- get knee on stomach and go back to side control once you get points

trapping other arm w/legs- prevents escapes.

pressure on neck- adam's apple- center of neck is the most pressure

they move arm to alleviate pressure- goes right into americana

ok. that's enough.

dirty jiu jitsu. don't really like his style.

Hip Bump sweep

AM Class


-hip bump sweep
-hip bump sweep counter- taking the back


hip bump
-go to side where arm isn't blocking your chest
-get up on elbow, and then get up on hand to get best leverage
-big step with leg

hip bump counter
-DON'T post arm out- vulnerable to kimura
-thrust hips forward, block leg, step over, secure harness, secure hooks


-guard passing is coming together nicely
-arm pin/standup combos well with the log splitter opener
-methodical, smashing half guard passes lead to more dominant side control- they get really tired after losing the half guard to the smashing game
-anticipating the bridges/escapes will lead to better base in side control
-first thing- strong neck tie from the start. leads to lots of stuff, establishes the pace from the get-go
-triangle/armbar combo is still great
-if you secure the arm properly, you can still get the tap if you put pressure at the right angle (even if they somehow are on top/escaping at a weird angle). almost gave up on the armlock, but got it after sticking with it.
-half guard bottom- the lockdown will alleviate a lot of submissions/buy some time
-reminder- tripod sweep!
-the pass flow series is coming together nicely! gotta master each individual step.

Baret Yoshida "log splitter" guard opener

Baret Yoshida

Look how he opens the guard up at around the :30 mark- he steps his foot towards the middle and drives his knee through the guard.

I like it, it doesn't require any hands or solid gi grips.

Baret Yoshida-101 pass to Brabo choke

Baret Yoshida

I've been working on the 101 pass for a few weeks now, and I came across this clip of Baret Yoshida sparring. At the end of the clip, he hits a 101 pass and goes directly into a brabo choke.

This solves one of my problems- the opponent coming to their knees/getting an underhook/me not being able to control them fully. I'd rather establish the strong side control, but in the event of an opponent escaping, the brabo option is very good.

Thursday, October 18, 2007

Saulo Ribiero- Freestyle Revolution- Passing the Guard


different- no gi, less grips

make sure to lock the space and lock them on the ground before you go for the pass

why not to pass from the ground
passing from the ground- not as good
you give too many weapons to them
fighting too much against his legs
easy for them to scoot back

saulo- keep hips as close as you can to them

whoever starts the game first has the advantage

opening the guard
in closed guard, you are in a bad spot
they have too much leverage

block armpits before opening

hop up in one jump
hips forward, knees squeeze to break closed guard
don't use hands to do it
keep hips forward, don't move back or you start over

they need to wrap a leg, control your body to stop you from opening

common things- fighting double underhooks
they get double underhooks
don't push with forearms- they can scoop hips and create space
don't sit back/up, they have too much control

put weight down, jump up
changes angle- they can't scoop hips or keep tight

note- can't keep elbows up, must rotate hands and point fingers away from him
don't come up until you break the grip
control the legs- bottom of ankles

more common things- fighting an overhook
they get overhook on one side
don't pull- you expose the arm to many attacks!
your hips can not move over his hips
you have to be tight

step leg on same side as trapped arm
force leg on elbow (so it can't move down, create a wedge), create space for arm to get out
go UNDER the underhook- weave it through- sort of like you are kimura'ing yourself

posture issues
two ways to stay in closed guard
they aren't doing anything- you can take your time

they start to attack, get active- gotta control arms
go down and get your low posture
every time they scoop the hips, you re-scoop and adjust

every time they come up- use your head to drive them down
head is an important weapon

elbows always inside! otherwise bad things can happen

passing the guard- moving to butterfly
when you get the right spot, you can move to the ground

look for ankles
don't hold far away

grab ankles and RIGHT AWAY, drop weight and go to butterfly
get them flat on their back
keep underhooks, pinch knees/elbows

they will push legs to try and escape
you lift hips! tripod up. shift weight to torso, light on legs
if you stay tight, they WILL get out from this position

from the top- keep the weight on! otherwise they can move out
every time they scoop hips, you adjust
they always have to carry your weight!

more bf passing
once you open, close in again
commit to the pass!
control ankles, get to bf guard

they will move back, you follow and pinch elbows/knees

if they open legs on own, you drive ankles down and go to bf guard

if their legs are up, smash legs down
float on shins, move to bf guard eventually

don't give space between your hips and their body

more details- sweep counter

depends on how they react when you put weight down
flexibile with the passes

most common- they overhook, try to push you to the side
you TURN the direction of your hips to where the sweep is headed (kill the leg)- but don't go to half guard
switch hips to other side as soon as you feel on the verge of half guard- use hand to help get over knee
detail- as soon as you get over the knee, drop knee down to hip, switch your hips, complete pass

can't let them lift you too much- keep hips lower

variation- star guard pass

you are getting swept in bf guard
plant head on ground, hand stays on knee- keep weight up
lift up and over knees, reverse direction and star guard pass- all weight goes on shoulder, head stays on ground
detail- underhook hand switches to block hips- you can't star guard pass with it where it used to be

sweep counter to mount

from bf guard pass

they start to sweep- you plant leg and base out
you switch hips, drive knee through- sometimes you let them go further into the sweep to create space to drive your knee through
their legs are scissored up now
grab crossface/underhook harness
use other knee- switch hips and go to his hip, move up to full mount

sitting butterfly guard
common reaction- pushing the chest with arms
not so good, you can get armdragged easily

you hold over the knees
wait for them to sit up
use head to drive them back, pull elbows back and tight, hips back a bit
break position before it happens

if they get arm- don't pull back, you give the right reflex to get armdragged still!

passing from sitting up bf guard- guillotine pass

stop them from sitting up with your head- they still come p
let them come up, neck tie them
switch to guillotine grip with opposite arm arm- around to chin

move back to get out of hooking range
use other hand to block legs

reaction-they move hips, you push the head down

walk around legs

keep grip until you get to the side

passing from double underhooked bf
common mistake- trying to come up to pummel inside
easy for them to sweep! either backwards or forwards- your base is no good when you're high from here

don't back up either!

change direction of your hips, sit a bit on the side- no longer squared up
hand can plant to base a bit

extend the leg, drive the knee to his knee
wrap an overhook, switch hips, step around and pass

cleaning up a common mistake- block leg with knee- inside- make sure it's blocked

returning to standing- 101 pass

they are about to wrap up sitting bf, you disengage

don't approach with hands! you'll get armdragged

in one move- step between legs
elbow/knee together w/underhook- deep underhook!
SIT, stay low- don't come high
hand blocks knee
force knee on his chest, cross, lock up underhook/crossface

don't push back- just drive knee to the side
take advantage of him not being ready- catch them off guard

another option from standing- shoulder plant pass
elbow/knees together, get underhook

they scoop hips to block knee

hand weaves in to block leg, walk it up- must open the leg- takes away leverage- don't CARRY leg- just put on ground and push back
move head to other side

back step over leg, complete the pass

detail- get them flat, knee comes over before you start to pass-don't do it all at once or your base isn't as good

fighting open guard- you can only get one side

they are weaving the legs and preventing you from doing much

ideally- you get to bf guard, but if you can't, you go here

wait for them to open the leg
come in with your leg, drive with pressure
don't drive in the middle, drive to the SIDE
come to ground, put elbow/knee together, keep LOW
they scoop hips away from you, you GO- gives you momentum to come around

if you come straight in while squared up- they start going de la riva, etc

not just using your leg, using all your body weight

leg on shoulder variation
people spend too much energy and start to carry someone with this pass

good detail- swing hand through, drive other arm, kick leg out, get to position

get as close to them as possible- stay tight- go deep so you don't get triangled
lift leg, make lock on leg- just over one leg- keep lock so you don't get triangled- outside arm comes all the way around
step up knee (join to elbow)
sprawl back- use shoulder to drive leg

wrap up over head- hook over

when you put weight on them, they can roll easily
they kick, create space, and roll out

Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Jacare- No Gi kimura

I was watching the ADCC 2005 77-88kg dvd, and noticed that Jacare's first option submission was the kimura. He goes for it from half guard and uses it to pass to side control, where he finishes the kimura in his first match. He goes for it a few more times in subsequent matches, but I think he only finishes it in that first match.

The move has been on my mind for a few months now. I was explained the importance of low-risk, high percentage moves, and the kimura fits right in there. If you miss the kimura, you don't really give up position. Plus, you can get back in position for it relatively easily. This is unlike a straight arm lock from the top, which could possibly end up with you on your back if you miss it!

From the top game, this is the perfect submission.

The kimura also offers sweeping options and control points. Because it's such a secure grip, it actually gives you a handle in no gi. By controlling and isolating that arm, you are already preventing an opponent from escaping. Your weight and base is still well-distributed, so you aren't really in danger of being reversed if you have it on properly. They can't really bridge well with one arm taken away, and they might be applying pressure onto the shoulder by trying to escape! Furthermore, it's a great counter to many of the escapes that involve coming onto the side, turning to the knees, and extending the arms to try and shrimp away. I've used kimura grips before to control an opponent, take the back, flow into other submissions, etc.

Also, it's mentally dominating. Once you get to the point of causing an opponent to tap to a kimura, you have pretty much already punished them from the top with pressure, tired them out by shutting down escape attempts, and placed them in a submission where they can no longer move ANYWHERE. That gives you a mental edge, for sure.

I'm definitely going to learn everything I can about this submission.

Pass flow development

current pathway-

from open guard-

-toriani/toriani variant
-101 (with slight elbow underhook at knee)
-(scissor pass option)
-opposite side single leg on shoulder (around hip) (shin blocking opposite leg)
-(double underpass option)
-step-over shoulder plant option off of double underpass
-leg on shoulder (around hip)(shin still stepped over opposite leg)
-leg on shoulder (around cross shoulder)
-(super stack option)
-opposite side shoulder plant bridge pass
-opposite side single leg on shoulder (more whip around/shoulder drive than stacking pressure)


general philosophy-
always be one step ahead
"pour into them like sand"
fluid attitude
constant pressure
awareness of possibilities in each position
taking away their movement options

pants grip- hand grips on inside knee
shutting down one side- elbow/knee together
shutting down hips

hips low
arms tight- t-rex arms
back straight, not slumped

driving pressure with forward knee
pressure with legs rather than arms
sprawl hips low

awareness of attacks
awareness of sweeps

attacking from an angle- not squared up
switching sides
switching base
going against their momentum
staying TIGHT
using shoulders/hips/torso to take out defense

Tuesday, October 16, 2007

Half guard top

PM class


-knee on stomach choke
-knee on stomach choke to armbar
-knee on stomach escape


-choke detail- lock out arms (like scissors), apply pressure before dropping

-standup- need to be more aggressive/assertive than opponent. that's the key to dominating standup.

-need to figure out crucifix escapes. wack.

-101 pass- getting to half guard is okay as long as i get the dominant grips/position.

-101 pass- combos wonderfully with lots of other stuff.

-101 pass- must stick with it and now go to other passes for now! i thought we were practicing just this pass!

-double underhook pass- combos with the marcelo super stack with chest pressure.

-overhooks in guard- super dominant. number 1 option- triangle. number 2 option- armlock. number 3- sweep attempts.

-spider guard- great control position, but must move to something else before they start to pass it.

-x-guard- gotta remember the fundamentals!

-half guard top- easy to dominate from here. must punish opponents from top and then pass easily.

-half guard top base- gotta keep more stable. i get reversed a lot if they're bigger than me.

-head control- if i'm standing and i can get head control on a sitting opponent, game over. snap down to front attacks. possibly taking the back.

-common half guard top defense- locking over your neck/arm. if i have the strong crossface, though, it's worse for them.

-anticipating the bridge- they can only go to one side if i'm crossfacing properly.

-jacare style passing- it's all about switching the hips! gotta work it out.

-knee on stomach- so, so fluid! i forgot about this position. want to get my top game as fluid as my knee on stomach game, but with a lot more pressure. that would make things great for me.

Saulo Ribiero- Jiu Jitsu Revolution- Passing the Guard

Passing the guard is one of the most important things in jiu jitsu.

Balance, Distribution of weight --> lots of things before you're able to enforce your jiu jitsu.

Defending sweeps, protecting submissions.

Standing pass vs. ground pass- two different approaches.

most people- first thing they look for- GRIP

legs vs. arms- legs always win- much stronger

don't want to be fighting against legs. spends too much energy.

first- get close to him, but not squared up in front.
must approach from the side
lock that side- drive elbow to knee- always keep this grip, otherwise BAD things happen
power comes from legs- leverage, strength, weight, gravity from top
knee stays in contact with his legs at all times

even if they pull your sleeve, drive with knee.

how to stand

stuff arm under lapel gripping arm (locking down chest and arm with same arm)

standing- common mistake- shifting weight forward
makes it easy for opponent to pull you forward into guard and break down posture.

body weight shifts to the SIDE
step FAR on same side of trapped arm- diagonally- not straight forward

keep sleeve with same side arm

to open guard- don't fight with the leg.

don't stay squared up- step back and rotate body- creates lots of leverage
need minimal pressure if you are angled

as soon as you open- knee/elbow posture

HOLD the legs, but never FORCE the legs with arms

toriani- you drive leg forward, they react, you step out and toriani- keep legs until you are all the way passed.

toriani detail- block hip with lead foot.
relaxed and loose, not tight and rigid.

redirecting momentum
don't fight against arms either
wait for his momentum
they pull you in- not concentrating on hips as much

single leg on shoulder
force with knee
elbow/forearm weaves under knee if they don't react to pressure

keep other leg, but TUCK ELBOW TIGHT- protects against triangle
don't grab with elbow OUT, rotate it IN

grab lapel, go leg on shoulder pass.
stay on toes
drive with shoulder.

Saulo's 101
driving on leg, they react and try to hook your leg, try to spin into you
step back and change angle
elbow/knee posture
CRUNCH body- stay low
don't drive knee forward, drive at an angle (prevents block)

your body prevents him from turning- shoulder/side heavy on them

slide out, shift base and lock up side control

grabbing arm is an option, but not necessary- you stay a little too high if you do it exaggeratedly

Secret guard opener

opening the guard on the ground is not easy.

have to find the right spot to save your energy while still being effective- efficiency!

important- elbow/forearm connected to leg. soft grip with hand.

knee in middle- difficult, you are off-balance mostly, base not correct.

knee to the side (not middle exactly)

big step back
circle back with back foot- make sure base is good
pressure on knee, open guard with back

relatively safe once you're back- they don't have angle for the armlock

armlock counter from previous guard opener
they are desperate and go for armlock- they have to open legs slightly
DROP your elbow/body (stay tight), step over leg, complete the pass

killing one side and passing from the knees
if you stay in front of him, he has TOO MANY WEAPONS
he can move too much


always block one leg- main concern- leg you are passing
don't worry about other leg!

most important thing- TIMING of pass

switch arm- drop over the thigh and weave underneath the knee
stretch leg, hips drop ON KNEE, not on the shin- important detail
head down on oppposite side - they hip out, makes your job easier
big step- bridge backwards
switch base back
replace side control

jumping around like leo vieira- flashy, but gives way too much space

butterfly- double underhooks

they have sitting up underhooks and bf hooks

first thing- have to drop weight DOWN
can't pass the plane of his hips

grab over the underhook- but not too extreme- just on the side with elbow down (or you can get swept)
grab opposite knee (don't force, just hold)

fall to side (not back, or you go into their BF sweep)
step out and clear BF hook
switch hips, complete the pass

butterfly with under/over
they have under/overhooks

push them to underhook side (go against the sweep
drive to side/diagonally with shoulder and LIFT LEG (prevent half guard)

use knee to block hips

turtle to side control

put weight down

feed gi to otehr side arm
free hand weaves under armpit, over neck
gator roll them to side control

maintain grips! they are locked up

good when they try to reach for your leg (single leg takedown setup)

scissor pass
they have bf half guard

get to side angle
hold knee and stuff down (raise body a bit to adjust), use other arm to weave through- BODY DRIVES DOWN
shoulder must lock over the knee
weave deep and hold over the thigh

pressure with shoulder on leg
get off knees and on toes- if you put your knees on ground- you transfer half your weight to the ground! make them feel all your weight

walk around
complete the pass

you don't need to trap the arm
locking the legs is more important- if this is strong, they can't do much

figure out where your base is best

use their momentum against them, like usual

more details for the scissor pass
they push your head- the power is being able to scoot hips out, not necessarily the hands pushing

you do the move incorrectly- they can push you away

they move anywhere- you move with them!

all weight on your shoulder
they react and reach out, you just reach over and lock up side control!


thoughts- very good concepts.

most useful stuff-
-using their momentum against them
-efficiency- not fighting against their strong points, using your strong points to maximum
-creating the right angle
-keeping the elbow and knee together
-minding your base
-timing of the passes

Monday, October 15, 2007

Jacare style toriani

from leg control- plant opponent's feet on ground.

point elbows in same direction and walk around opponent's legs.

when you get in range, plant knee near hip (blocking half guard) and base foot far up (VERY IMPORTANT) near plane of head. you're still controlling legs/pushing them away.

use shoulder/head to drive into their stomach/abdomen/chest area. need to figure out where exactly. too high will get you reversed, too low may get you pushed through the legs for a reverse triangle. goal is to flatten them. they are trying to sit up into you normally.

switch grips so you control closer leg at ankle and sechre up to a strong crossface with the other arm.

learning this pass will open up a lot of doors. important things such as base when passing, pressure with head/shoulder at right points, and preventing getting reversed will all be a little better once this pass is mastered.

101 elbow/knee and underhook

i figured out a big part of my 101 pass problem.

i wasn't joining my elbow and knee when i slid through, which allowed some recovery options.

knee drive to spot right next to their hip, ideally. must keep them on back with either strong elbow/forearm pressure on far shoulder or (ideally) the underhook.

the underhoook will give me a lot more control if i can secure it. and pulling the arm up- anything to get them flat on their back.

the driving knee is really where it starts, though.

gotta control the knees and control the far leg with shallow underhook with my elbow. must pinch elbow to prevent the spider hook. must use forearm and knee as wedge to prevent them from closing half guard.

other transition point- when i have my knee driving on their chest. maybe that aurelio detail with pointing out the knee and keeping my hip on my heel would up my percentage in that instance.

one thing that was apparent- there's a certain range where you're out of danger from sweeps. must walk them out to the side and then begin penetrating knee. if you just hit them square on, they have more hip mobility when you are closer to them- lots of sweep options. i think a lot of this mobility is taken away if you are off to one side. must penetrate knee and get hips past the plane of their hip line, ideally.

More guard passing issues

PM class

-spider guard pass- walk them back and squat, bring knees together and plant knees. move to jacare toriani variant.

-spider guard pass- they resist the first one, you switch to under the calves, push them onto neck, stack 'em. pressure with back, step over arm with shin, push to side control.

-spider guard pass- same as above, but you push them to take the back and wrap up the turtle control (opposite lapel and hip pressure, they roll right into side control).


-spider- the entangled spider with instep control is much harder to pass. need to change direction and go elbow/forearm into bend of knee and smash legs, go around.

-from turtle- way to take the back from control position. need to block leg and roll into hooks.

-spider control- if they start to react to one spider variant, switch to another or pressure another way. don't just sit there.

-key to spider- bottom person having top person's arm's bent and pressured.

-key to passing spider- straightening arms out, getting out of range of their legs. much better to pass standing, from knees you have less control and get drawn right into their game.


-need to practice single leg on shoulder pass after i get good at 101 pass. triangles are eminent.

-need to practice escaping triangles.

-need to practice side control still!

-need to figure out 101 pass better.

-passing- can't let them control my posture. especially my collar/neck area. takes away a lot of my leverage.

-de la riva hook- don't need to bend out leg at extreme angle to get rid of it- just a bit over 90 degrees so they can't hook.

-my blue belt journey will concentrate on top game. bottom is strong enough for now, but the top game needs plenty of work. gotta get rid of the ego and just focus on learning.

-brabo choke- need to lock up the choke tight before i drop to my back. best chance to get it when i am already on my knees. maybe lead in with the darce first?

Saturday, October 13, 2007

Leo Vieira- Extreme Guard Passes

posture positions-

closed guard
feet- toes touching ground
weight not too far on top of opponent
control collar w/one hand, put pressure, make sure they don't come up
other hand grabbing sleeve and pinning

weight going on top of arm and chest
stand w/same side arm control

both feet planted firmly
look up
hips go forward

hand on collar releases- two on one sleeve

elbow tight, arm really straight
legs wide open, good base- prevents sweeps as long as you have one arm

hand goes on knee

elbow tight, straight arm and push down
point toes out on side you open, helps straighten leg- push on knee
legs open, step back with good control of legs

same setup
you have tough time opening legs
feeling off balance
change from knee to double pants control- right around thighs/waist
close elbows- transfer weight onto hips- squat and step back, force him to open
back needs to be straight as you walk back! forces legs to open

passing spider guard
arms tied up, sleeves controlled

keep elbows close, re-grab pants on top of legs (not bottom)- pistol grip- thumbs pointed up
rock a little, step back, his back comes off floor OR legs straighten out
start to push down on his legs, straighten your arms, release pressure of legs on biceps
put knees together
put weight on legs, twist body around to his side
pass guard
keep tight so they don't have space to replace guard

more spider guard
you have trouble planting feet down- they curl toes
change hands to underneath calves
you push up, back, and over, stack them up
put chest on hips so they don't roll over (like marcelo does)

push to either side
follow and hug
now you are controlling turtle

star guard pass

one foot on hip, one in bicep
they have sleeve control on foot on hip side

circle around and take foot off bicep, block shin
re-grab his collar on sleeve control arm

plant hand on ground (awkwardly with fingers pointed towards you), lift leg to clear hip, other leg steps close to leg they are pushing you with
land next to them, pass guard

you need speed to execute
you can go slow until you plant hand
when the hand plants, you need to jump and pass

jump just enough to go over legs, not too high

other star guard pass- butterfly pass

from butterfly guard
plant their back on ground

control biceps

one hand shoots under arm and grabs collar (will be underhook arm when you pass)

other hand grabs pants around waist, elbows tight

push leg in with elbow, tripod up, jump over

stretch leg when you jump- release hooks

lock up control- kesa gatame, pull up elbow

need coordination when you jump- as soon as you jump, change hip

need sensitivity to figure out hooks

stretch legs to release hooks (far leg like mule kick)

when you give space on jump, you need to adjust back when you land
pull them to you, make everything tight

more butterfly passes

one hand hugs leg over the shin- grab thigh
other hand shoots under hook - reaches FAR and grabs other hand if you can, or else just thigh

get real tight

close elbow, takes power away from hook

transfer weight to shoulder, shoulder plant and jump over (head on opposite side you're passing)

raise leg a little bit
jump over to side where you have hand underneath thigh

land with toes on ground- keep pressure

always follow him

another butterfly pass- they try to sweep you

they sit up and try to sweep you

they sit up, you need to pummel to get underhook and pin other leg to ground

throw leg out to block sweep- base out

in the middle of sweep, you mule kick and switch hips to inside- drive knee through middle (shift weight here, put a lot of weight on thigh)
knees are now crossed

control arm, grab shoulder on underhook side, plant back on ground
knee moves next to shoulder

they are all twisted up awkwardly

move to mount

you are always a step ahead!
they underhook, you pummel inside
they sweep, you switch hips

another butterfly pass
pin leg down
grab underhook
step over
you are tripodded up
head planted next to shoulder where you have leg pinned
if they grab your leg, you need to break grip

rise up and jump pass on other side
weight on your arm/his leg

need sensitivity to decide when to change hips

pass to side of hook

stay TIGHT, don't give space, maintain control once you pass

most important thing about passing like this- you create space to pass, but then you stay tight once you pass

more butterfly passes

wrap, grab opposite thigh, weave under butterfly and throw legs to one side
like scissor guard pass counter
chest on legs
head on chest
grab arm (change to collar if you want)
sprawl out, walk around, pass guard

mobile/tight crossface- open elbows to move face/control head!

once passed- hips are down, not up (less space)

need to control leg and arm to pass

variation of the same pass
same setup, but as you come around, they push head with free hand

plant head on ground, shoulder on ground to trap legs
star jump over legs, land on other side (control arm)

finish guard pass
lock up tight side control

they are sitting
first thing- immobilize one side so they don't stand up
control arm (wrist) on one side, shoulder on one side

release wrist, palm goes on ground between his legs (fingers rowards you)

star jump over (doesn't have to be crazy, just enough to get behind them), get to back

prepare jump with base- adjust legs- step back (mule kick), swing to get momentum to jump

generally, when you jump, they try and scoot away
this helps you pass guard actually

final thoughts
his style developed from watching children
they don't use power, they use finesse
instead of running, he just jumps

easier than it looks? after a lot of practice.


thoughts- useful guard passes, but they seem difficult to pull off.

the most useful stuff? butterfly passing postures/control
jumping over to the other side to negate their defending one side

sensitivity and timing to execute the passes

Taking the Back from a Single Leg (head inside)

vid- Marcelo Garcia rolling after a seminar

I've seen him do something similar on his tapes, but this looks like something new.

Look towards the end of the vid.

He sits on the opponent's shoulder/back and then frees that leg around and wraps up the RNC pretty quickly.

Double leg sequence/straight arm lock from side control

AM class


move sequence-

double leg takedown
side control to straight arm lock (arm on shoulder nearest head)

escape from straight arm lock- turn arm and roll out


-double leg takedown- must change levels and hit them at a 45 degree angle with shoulder. the harder and more explosively you hit them, the better. must sweep their legs out from under them.

-transition from takedown to side control- bridge shoulder plant pass works best, i think- eliminates a lot of half guard options. move to crossface right away to establish control or they start pushing into you and recovering.

-side control straight arm bar- one of main obstacles- their bottom arm blocking your hip. either go under it or over it to nullify it. keep arm trapped TIGHT the whole time. no space and constant pressure is mentally dominating.

-when switching hips to come around for the arm lock, switch as low as possible. maybe even wipe across their face with your hip, maintaining constant pressure.

-kimura grip on their arm when going to armlock them. if they try and spin out, they go directly into a kimura!

-escape- must turn wrist and then roll over free arm. kind of risky. come to knee and pass opposite side.

-bottom options- they start to escape, you can possibly get an omoplata. i like the kimura better though.


-quick review- ten finger guillotine grip- allows you to guillotine shallow. can do it with the arm in. maybe won't tap them, but you can use it to adjust and move to other things.

-bottom guard- the high guard/shin control is phenomenal. if they sit up, i can start attacking kimuras, guillotines, hip bump sweep.

-the high guard opens up overhook opportunities. overhook on the bottom is extremely good and secure. triangles, arm locks, sweeps, and so many more things to be done.

-attacking sweeps is so important. i still need to work A LOT on sweeps, but i started to try out different combos today.

-if they try and place knee in the middle to open guard, you can move to spider shin guard.

-spider guard is a good transition point, but i'm not sure about staying there. i like to use it to regain control and then move to some other open guard.

-on that note, fluid open guard is important. moving to different options always keeps the opponent guessing and off-balance.

-head control as they pass will get you out of some binds.

-101 pass- often get caught in half guard with some people. need to work it out.

-101 pass- frequent counter- pe de pano- spider guard on farside arm. can often still pass, but arm is entangled. need to figure that one out. often deep into the pass by the time the foot comes to block, don't want to abandon the pass by then.

-trapping limbs on the bottom of side control opens sweep/reversal attempts and greatly threatens them on top.

-perhaps a solution to the transition from guard pass to side control- move to crossface as soon as possible!

-possible option from half guard top when you are getting swept- bf guard sweep? lots of things to work out, but there might be something there.

-problem area- half guard passing when they underhook your other leg and get underneath you.

-current pathway- guard passing, side control attacks and control

-next pathway- concentration on escapes from side mount and sweeps from the guard. similar mechanics and principles with leverage and timing.

Friday, October 12, 2007

Passing the Guard with Rigan Macado

key to pass- understanding the mechanics of the bottom defense, moves
determines how you pass the guard

inside passing- under the legs- single leg on shoulder
basic defense- weaving the legs back when they try and underhook
following them with the feet in hips

rigan- uses forearm to open knees- elbows inside their thighs
leg on shoulder pass- grabbing around the waistline

changing base once you pass

first reaction when you pass like this-
they use arms to push you
when they push, you go under their arms

if you go AGAINST the resistance, it does you no good
switching base and going under the arm KILLS their defense

switch to kesa gatame, then switch hips over the arms for side control

drills for inside passing
makes techniques come as an automatic reflex

when you pass, you let them replace and then start from open guard- pass other side

inside passing pt2- leg on shoulder with arm across grabbing shoulder

stack them more with this variation
use more pressure to get rignt angle

pass the guard and establish side control right away

breaking the turtle
from side of turtle- control over chin and lift leg
tilt towards head and then over

weave arm through legs to prevent them from coming to knees

other arm crossfaces

establish side control

inside passing combination

from single leg on shoulder, they come to knees and then roll back to guard

as you feel them rolling to counter the pass, you go AROUND them- continue spinning and then break the turtle down

putting it all together
review of positions

two leg pass variations

double underhooks
lock hands at waistline

they try to stretch and lift hips up

mobile- go to either side depending what they do

inside passing- using the head
double under pass
you can't clasp hands together

pin one leg down and step over with knee- block with shin

use your head/shoulder to drive the leg on shoulder to either side

they block with arms- you penetrate head and bump their arms out of the way with opposite shoulder

lots of pass options over that leg

you choose which way you like best- depends how they react

lots of options!

common reaction-once you step over, they push on your knee or shoulder, so you go around
you go around the leg- the block hip- use head and go around

go around the block
or throw your weight and break the block, depending how strong it is


you pass the single leg- they weave leg and recover

you step over the leg and trap it, plant your head/shoulder
use underhook to pull yourself tighter

switch hips and clear the leg

they push, you switch your hips/change your base and penetrate deeper into side control

the tripod pressure

create angle with your hip- pressure on their stomach

use head and shoulder to pressure stomach
tripod up with legs and switch base

switch from underhooked leg to elbow blocking hip

they push into you, switch base under the arms, change to side control over arms

head around pass
common reaction- they push your shoulder, they throw leg up and around your head to block pass

raise your head to create leverage
switch hand to wrap leg, switch to pass other side

they turn, control around neck and arms, break turtle

you can also stop him rotating to knees by weaving your arm through legs

drills for inside pass
they make hips heavy when you try double underpass
explosively throw leg over

lots of space, they can replace guard

ankle swing pass
from open guard- feet in hips

like toriani pass

step out of range of feet, control legs and swing to one side

go to knee on stomach and then side control

lifting the ankle pass

like marcelo's open guard passes- stack them up
bring legs up and switch grip, push legs into stomach more

pressure with shins

control leg on shoulder

they put feet on hips, you open and start passing posture

spider guard pass

easy with no gi
step to side, sit on legs, slide over legs, change base and switch sides and come to establish side control with crossface

butterfly guard pass
push legs to inside legs w/hooks
put them on back

lock hands together under butterfly hooks
lock hands, tighten elbows

use tripod pass- walk around and get beyond the legs with knee in hip
maintain hand lock until you feel safe to advance

change to elbow blocking hip, crossface

they push- you change base and slide under arms

more butterfly passing
if they try to pull butterfly/x-guard, you pinch knees together so they can't come under you
hands on shoulders, make them pull butterfly guard
flatten them and start to pass

bridge pass
from butterfly with them flat
head to opposite side you're passing

tripod up
hop and land in bridge, come back for side control

very good for lightweights



Side Control Troubleshooting

AM class


-cross choke from mount
-straight arm lock from side control (arm trapped on shoulder closest to their head)


the 101 pass is working very well. i can usually pass guard with it, but i am having trouble maintaining side control.

my opponent today were stronger than i was, but i need to learn how to distribute my weight better. i am getting reversed too much when i'm moving in transition.

once my two areas of focus come together well- guard passing and side control, my top game will be a lot more formidable.

perhaps if i put more pressure during the guard passing, they'd be more tired when i established side control and have less energy to escape? maybe.

ricardo's tips from today-

-side control- once you get your guard passed, relax. you already made the technical mistake and allowed them to capitalize. your time to move and escape is when the opponent is moving and transitioning. otherwise you spend a lot of energy with less chance of escaping unless you are much more powerful/a lot better than your opponent.

-exposed arms- once you see an opening, SEIZE IT. there may not be another opportunity for you to get that submission in the match, you must snatch it right away. even if you just trap it and hold it, you are in much better shape.

Saulo's Cross Body game- keeping the hips connected

from the dvd-

most important aspect of his philosophy-
keep your hips connected to his hips always
easiest way to control without spending a lot of energy

follow them wherever they go

if you miss the connecting of the hips, you create space

crossface/underhook creates a lot of space

use elbow to control opposite hip

learning to switch to other side is important- switching hips- kesa gatame, n/s, etc.

have to wait for momentum to get to position, can't always fight through opponent- take what they give
lay and prey

knee on belly-
continuous position from cross body
sit on side of hip and slide up- stay connected to hip line- don't let them connect elbow to knee
fake collar choke to set up- ties hands up

his knee on stomach is a lot more loose, not using hands to pressure- using to attack
must develop balance and fluidity

Top Game areas of interest

After compiling this list, I have realized that the main areas of top game are-

-progress to more a dominant position
-winning the transitions
-top control- posture, pressure, base, balance,etc.
-setting up attacks and finishing submissions

-submission defense
-sweep defense/recovery
-winning the transitions
-top control- posture, pressure, base, balance, etc.

This is still sort of in progress.

closed guard

-closed guard top submission defense
-closed guard top posture
-closed guard top sweep defense
-closed guard top pressure

-opening the guard- standing, kneeling

open guard

-keeping the guard open

-open guard control
-open guard grips
-open guard pressure

-defending sweeps from open guard
-sweep recovery

-open guard tight passes
-open guard loose passes
-passing to half guard
-passing to side control
-passing to mount
-open guard pass transitions

-submission options- ankle lock, foot lock, knee bar, heel hook

turtle guard

-turtle guard control

-takedown defense/sprawl
-preventing being rolled from turtle guard

-turtle guard top transitions
-turtle guard top pressure

-taking the back from turtle guard
-transition to side control from turtle guard

-attacking the turtle guard

-main submissions- guillotine, darce, brabo choke, anaconda choke, clock choke, kimura, straight arm lock

half guard top

-half guard top control
-half guard top pressure game
-half guard top submissions

-half guard top sweep defense/counters
-half guard top base

-half guard top pass to side control
-half guard top pass to mount
-half guard transition to back

-main submission options- kimura (also americana), guillotine, darce, brabo choke, arm triangle, collar chokes

side control top

-side control control
-side control base
-side control reversal defense/ escape counters

-side control transitions/progression

-side control pressure

-side control attacks

-side control transition to knee on stomach
-side control transition to mount
-side control transition to back

-main submissions- kimura, americana, straight arm lock, darce, brabo choke, arm triangle


-north/south control
-north/south pressure

-north/south reversal defense/counters
-north/south base

-north/south attacks

-north/south transition to side control
-north/south transition to back

-main submissions- n/s guillotine

knee on stomach

-knee on stomach control
-knee on stomach base
-knee on stomach reversal defense/counters

-knee on stomach pressure

-knee on stomach transitions
-knee on stomach transition to side control
-knee on stomach transition to mount
-knee on stomach switch transition to other side
-knee on stomach transition to mount

-knee on stomach attacks

-main submissions- kimura, straight arm lock, collar chokes, darce, brabo choke, arm triangle


-mount control
-mount base

-mount escape defense/counters

-mount pressure

-mount attacks

-mount transition to side control
-mount transitions to the back

-main submissions- kimura, americana, straight arm lock, arm triangle, leg triangle, collar chokes

RNC to Arm Triangle, Arm Triangle to RNC

A few months ago, I saw someone in the UFC flow into an arm triangle once the opponent escaped the back and turned to mount. I experiment with this in class, and caught a few people when they turned right into the choke, as they would spin towards the non-choking arm on the back mount harness, which would become the choking arm on the arm triangle. This combo is excellent, as it gives you a submission option once your opponent thinks they just escaped danger.

I was arm triangling this person in class all the time, and they started to resist it by turning away from me when I secured the lock, which actually gave them enough space to resist and stall out. Rather than spend a lot of energy trying to muscle in the choke, there is the option of re-taking the back and securing the RNC.

It didn't occur to me that the opposite combo was also true until I saw Jacare do it in an MMA fight.

New combo to add to the arsenal!

Thursday, October 11, 2007

Sweep Recovery Drill

sweep recovery drill-
-roll and base with foot, turn to knees
-also can use exercise ball for drill

same movement as shoulder plant guard pass!

Kimura Details


-elbow/shoulder/head combination use to control and put arm in position for bent arm lock
-flowing between bent arm locks
-high hips while attacking (leg move is good to set this up)

-hip out, expose hand and pressure wrist with thigh and rip out

Half guard top details

half guard top-
-chest compress like with side control
-watching base, switching up to avoid reversal
-climbing up after bridge attempts

Side control elbows detail

side control-

-chest compress details
-elbows in and pulling
-leg move, head block
-basing leg out far to avoid getting swept in reverse kesa gatame
-making them move